Hezbollah claims victory, but UN Resolution 1701 is a defeat for Lebanon’s sovereignty. The cease-fire that began at 8 a.m. local time last Monday between Hezbollah and Israel was founded on UN Resolution 1701, which provides Israel with an international force to protect its borders and removes Lebanon’s right to defend itself from an aggressor.Recalling all previous resolutions, the text that was passed encouraged the unconditional release of the abducted Israeli soldiers but was only mindful of the “need to address” the thousands of Lebanese prisoners being held in Israel.
A deployment of 15,000 Lebanese soldiers, at the expense of the Lebanese taxpayer was a decision made by the Lebanese government that initially benefits Israel, assisting in the protection of its disputed border in South Lebanon.
The benefit that Lebanon gains from Resolution 1701 is the withdrawal of all Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) from the region, supervised by United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (Unifil) currently present in the south.
Unifil was originally created in 1978 to confirm Israeli withdrawal and restore international peace and security, helping the Lebanese government restore its effective authority in Lebanon. The resolution made a reaffirmation of Unifil’s priorities that date back to the Israeli-Lebanese General Armistice Agreement, 1949, but this agreement should have been adhered to when Israel invaded Lebanon on July 12.
Mohammed El-Sayed Said of the Al Ahram Centre for Political and Strategic Studies in Cairo believes the prevention of Israel attacking civilian targets is the only way to ensure another conflict will not flare up in the region.
“This resolution is aimed at oppressing Lebanon and pushing instability in the region whilst aiming to restore the prestige of Israeli forces. I also believe that the criticism of Iranian armaments to Hezbollah is hypocritical, considering that the U.S. supplies weapons to Israel that are used against civilian targets” says Said.
Despite the cease-fire, Israeli aircraft have dropped written warnings for refugees not to return to cities such as Tyre until a joint International-Lebanese force arrives to assist in peacekeeping operations in the South.